The Various Types of Exterior Glass Used In Architectural Design

While glass has been used as a building material for centuries, developments in glass production throughout history have made possible possible structures and designs that were never before imaginable. Even recently, technological novelties in the world of architectural glass have allowed designers to manipulate exterior glass to dazzling effect in masterpieces such as the Bayern State Opera in Munich and the Novartis global headquarters in Basel, Switzerland.

The type of glass installed in a work of architecture will depend on several factors, among them appearance, levels of strength, and thermal qualities. The following are a few contemporary choices used today for exterior glass:

Decorative Glass in Design

The term decorative glass can refer to the warped or accentuated appearance through a variety of different techniques in order to apply a certain texture or color to the glass. Decorative glasses can exhibit a wide range of characteristics, including various degrees of opaqueness, and they display designs or images, such as the stained glass traditionally seen in churches and cathedrals.

Solar Glass in Design

With today's rampant concern for energy savings, solar glass has been created to increase heat retention in an architectural structure and thus cut down on energy bills. This is done with a low-emittance coating that obstructs the transfer of radiant heat. Such a coating is usually composed of a metal or a metallic oxide and is placed between layers of exterior glass . They have been devised for both warmer and colder climates, with glasses with high solar gain being used for colder climates and lower solar gain for warmer climates.

Smart Glass in Design

A glass is considered a "smart" if the way it transmits light is changed when electricity is applied to it. Also known as "switchable", smart glass works through either a suspended particle, liquid crystal, micro-blind, or electrochromic device that allows the look and function of the glass to be changed with the flick of a switch. Smart glass can be changed from transparent to opaque, or the amount of heat allowed to pass through can be controlled as well.

Additionally, designers sometimes decide on a smart glass merely for visual effects, as in the Magira LightPoints LED glass placed in the World Expo Pavilion in Shanghai.

New techniques in exterior glass constantly present designers with more options. Innovators continue to create glasses that allow architects ever greater freedom in terms of both aesthetics and energy efficiency.

Hopefully this breakdown will help you understand the variance in materials.

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Manchecter United V Everton Preview (Monday Night)

United officially start their Premier league campaign on Monday night against Everton. After last season’s dramatic final day title loss to City, United must want to get a good start this time around.

United performed well in most of their pre-season games. Their only loss came against Barcelona in a curtailed penalty shootout. Most of the players looked in good touch. The defense looked weak however, and we leaked in a lot of silly goals throughout pre-season.

The good news is that most of the Squad is fit and available for the first match of the season. Darren Fletcher still remains absent with a stomach condition. He did play in the midweek testimonial but looked really thin. He will have to do a lot of fitness and strength training before he can step back up on the pitch.

With the signing of Robin Van Persie almost done, United arguably have one of the most potent strike forces in the premier league. What needs to be seen is how well he partners with Rooney up front.

Everton are always a tough opponent, especially at home. We need to be careful not to attack too much as we could get hit on the break. We need to keep a patient build up and try to break them down with our wing play. Steven Pienaar is big threat down the left wing and needs to be kept in check. They way he ran the show at Old Trafford last season really amazes me. Whoever of Rafael or Valencia starts at right back will have to do a good job.

Anderson looks set to start in midfield along with Cleverly or Carrick. Nani and Young should start on the wings with Welbeck and Rooney in attack. Kagawa looked really bright in the pre-season matches however I think he will start on the bench and come on later. United now have good strength and depth in their squad. Many fans are calling for a new signing in center midfield. I think Sir Alex is content with the midfield and might give a few chances to the youngsters throughout the course of the season

Really hoping to see a good game and a good result to start of the premier league season with.

Probable starting line up:

De Gea, Valencia, Ferdinand, Vidic, Evra, Nani, Carrick, Anderson, Young, Welbeck, Rooney

My Prediction:

United to just nick this one with their superior attacking line up. Everton 1-2 Man Utd

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FC Barcelona Facts at a Glance

FC Barcelona is a well-known name for the football fans scattered all over the world. The club has some of the start and most promising players in football world. However, there is more to the club than just the fine skills displayed by its players. Here are some interesting and amusing FC Barcelona facts that are sure to surprise its supporters.

Facts on History of Barcelona: The club was founded by Hans Gamper, a Swiss nationalist with the help of a newspaper advertisement and is now owned and operated solely by the club members. It was never a mere football club but a political symbol as well. The club stood as a symbol against Rivera’s and Franco’s dictatorships and has always had a strong tie with the Catalan nationalism. It was during Franco’s dictatorship, the club was forced to change the name to Club De Football De Barcelona. However, the club changed its name back to this club in the year 1974 because of its Catalan roots. The club was forbidden from using the Catalan Language during the Franco dictatorship. However, over the years, it has become a rule that the players of FC Barcelona will have to know the Catalan language, with some exceptions like Lionel Messi.

Facts on Club’s Achievements: The club has been ranked by Forbes as the second most valuable club in the world and has proved itself to be one of the most popular clubs across Europe. It is also the club with highest number of players winning the Ballon d’Or, with 11 Barcelona players having won it. Lionel Messi, one of the most popular Barca players, has won the Ballon d’Or five times. The club had also defeated its arch rival Real Madrid FC on their first official match with a score of 6-1.

Fun FC Barcelona Facts:

· This club doesn’t run short of fun and amusing facts either. Very few people know that FC Barcelona fans are known as «ass» in the Catalan language.

· Though it is commonly thought that unlike other Barça players, Lionel Messi does not know Catalan language, he was heard addressing the public in this language when he was drunk after a Barça win!

· The Camp Nou stadium is one of the largest stadiums in Europe but the matches there are seldom attended by the local people. This is probably because of the high ticket prices due to its international fame.

· FC Barcelona and Real Madrid have had a long history of political rivalry as well, with the latter being supported by the political power of Franco and the former being against his dictatorship.

· This club has invented its own style of playing which is known as tiki-taka or The Total Football Philosophy. Johan Cruyff is the man behind this famous football playing style and the strategy has brought the club many victories.

· For a long time, FC Barcelona was against corporate advertising but the policy was finally taken down and they collaborated with UNICEF for the first time in 2006.

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HIGHLIGHTS | Norwich City 1-3 Manchester United | Premier League 2019/20



Enjoy the best of an action packed game at Carrow Road as Scott McTominay (scoring United’s 2000 Premier League goal), Marcus Rashford and Anthony Martial all scored as the Reds ran out 3-1 winners against Norwich City.

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Southampton v. Chelsea | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 10/6/19 | NBC Sports



Chelsea’s high-powered attack came out in full force at St. Mary’s, smashing Southampton 4-1 behind goals from Tammy Abraham, Mason Mount, N’Golo Kante and Michy Batshuayi. #NBCSports #PremierLeague #Chelsea #Southampton #MichyBatshuayi #NGoloKante #MasonMount #TammyAbraham
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NBC Sports Group serves sports fans 24/7 with premier live events, insightful studio shows, and compelling original programming. NBC Sports is an established leader in the sports media landscape with an unparalleled collection of sports properties that include the Olympics, NFL, Premier League, NHL, NASCAR, PGA TOUR, the Kentucky Derby, Tour de France, French Open, IndyCar and many more. Subscribe to our channel for the latest sporting news and highlights!

The Premier League across NBC Sports Group launched in 2013 with their biggest and broadest programming commitment to-date in the United States. With live multi-platform coverage of all 380 games, analysis from best-in-class talent and extensive surrounding coverage all week long, NBC Sports Group has become the ultimate destination for new and existing Premier League fans.

The Premier League maintains strong and consistent reach across NBC, NBCSN, CNBC, and NBC Sports Group’s live streaming products, led by the biggest stars and most prestigious teams in the world.

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Southampton v. Chelsea | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 10/6/19 | NBC Sports

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The Real Truth About Teen Girls And Dating – Six Tips You Must Know

If you look around and listen to what TV, music, and your friends tell you, you probably will feel like you have to have a boyfriend to be cool, cared about, and accepted. That’s just the way it is, right? Well, deep down not all girls feel this way. True, some can’t wait to get their parents permission to start dating, but others want to wait for the right guy, and some girls are honestly terrified. Wherever you are on the dating spectrum, follow these tips to lessen the drama around dating and improve your relationships.

Tip #1 You Don’t Have To Have a Boyfriend to Be Cool

This is so important to believe, because if you feel that you must have a boyfriend to be cool, then you will either date the wrong guy in hopes of being cool, or you will feel miserable and really down on yourself because the right guy hasn’t come along. This sets you up for failure from the beginning! Remind yourself often that you really don’t need to have a boyfriend to be cool or to be accepted.

Tip #2 The Best Way to Get the Right Guy is to be Yourself

Girls are tired of trying to be perfect. Girls are tired of trying to be the perfect size, have the perfect hair, and the perfect clothes. What if girls were able to just be themselves? This can feel impossible at times, especially when you feel different than anyone else. Instead, focus on doing things you love to do that bring a smile on your face. Do you love soccer? Dance? Scrap booking? Playing guitar? Hanging with Friends? What ever it is, do it. You will feel happier and be happier and when it’s the right time, you will find companionship in someone who also likes those things or who has respect for the things that make you, you.

Tip #3 Your safety is the most important thing

Make sure that you are in a relationship that is safe emotionally and physically. This means that your guy doesn’t put you down, call you names, push, hit, or hurt you in any way. He also doesn’t coerce you to have any kind of intimate contact that you are not comfortable with. Dating can feel like an incredible high at times. Sometimes there can be intense feelings of butterflies in the stomach, attraction, or just wanting to be by him. Be smart. Don’t let your physical attraction and your own hormones trick you into a relationship that is not safe. If you think you or a friend are in a dangerous relationship be sure to visit the website listed below for further safety resources.

Tip #4 Don’t forget about your girlfriends

When we start dating it can be very easy to forget to make time for our girlfriends too. This is so important for many reasons. For starters it gives you balance and perspective to hang out with people in addition to your boyfriend. Second, you don’t know how long that guy is going to be around If you only spend time with him, your friends may feel dissed and may not want to take you back as a friend if you and your boyfriend break up.

Tip #5 Listen to Your Gut

This should be a precursor to every tip mentioned in this article. Above all else, don’t ignore that little voice inside of you. You know, the one that quietly whispers, maybe he isn’t the right guy. Or the one that makes excuses for his rude behavior. Make sure that both of you respect each other 100%. How do you feel when you are together? Do you ever feel disrespected, hurt, or second class? If so, it’s probably time to rethink things listen to your gut, and get out of the relationship.

Tip #6 Don’t let this stress you out!!!

Dating and the events leading up to it can be very stressful whether you are in pursuit of someone, being pursued, or just feel lonely for not having a guy. Wherever you are in this process, don’t let this stress you out. Focus on the positive things in your life. Think about all of the things you have going for you. Try to do the things you love doing! It sounds simple, but too often we don’t allow ourselves this simple pleasure.

If you follow these six tips, you will have a guy at the right time and you will be able to find all of the confidence and respect you need to listen to your heart and gut and be in the right relationship.

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Best Premier League moments from 2019-20 Matchweek 3 | NBC Sports



Check out some of the best moments from an exciting Matchweek 3 of the 2019-2020 Premier League season. #NBCSports #PremierLeague #Matchweek3

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NBC Sports Group serves sports fans 24/7 with premier live events, insightful studio shows, and compelling original programming. NBC Sports is an established leader in the sports media landscape with an unparalleled collection of sports properties that include the Olympics, NFL, Premier League, NHL, NASCAR, PGA TOUR, the Kentucky Derby, Tour de France, French Open, IndyCar and many more. Subscribe to our channel for the latest sporting news and highlights!

The Premier League across NBC Sports Group launched in 2013 with their biggest and broadest programming commitment to-date in the United States. With live multi-platform coverage of all 380 games, analysis from best-in-class talent and extensive surrounding coverage all week long, NBC Sports Group has become the ultimate destination for new and existing Premier League fans.

The Premier League maintains strong and consistent reach across NBC, NBCSN, CNBC, and NBC Sports Group’s live streaming products, led by the biggest stars and most prestigious teams in the world.

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Best Premier League moments from 2019-20 Matchweek 3 | NBC Sports

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Norwich City v. Chelsea | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 8/24/19 | NBC Sports



A brace from Tammy Abraham lifted Chelsea to a 3-2 win over Teemu Pukki and Norwich City in a thrilling encounter at Carrow Road. #NBCSports #PremierLeague #NorwichCity #Chelsea #TammyAbraham #TeemuPukki
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NBC Sports Group serves sports fans 24/7 with premier live events, insightful studio shows, and compelling original programming. NBC Sports is an established leader in the sports media landscape with an unparalleled collection of sports properties that include the Olympics, NFL, Premier League, NHL, NASCAR, PGA TOUR, the Kentucky Derby, Tour de France, French Open, IndyCar and many more. Subscribe to our channel for the latest sporting news and highlights!

The Premier League across NBC Sports Group launched in 2013 with their biggest and broadest programming commitment to-date in the United States. With live multi-platform coverage of all 380 games, analysis from best-in-class talent and extensive surrounding coverage all week long, NBC Sports Group has become the ultimate destination for new and existing Premier League fans.

The Premier League maintains strong and consistent reach across NBC, NBCSN, CNBC, and NBC Sports Group’s live streaming products, led by the biggest stars and most prestigious teams in the world.

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Norwich City v. Chelsea | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 8/24/19 | NBC Sports

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Chelsea v. Leicester City | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 8/18/19 | NBC Sports



Wilfred Ndidi redeemed his early mistake, heading home a corner to cancel out Mason Mount’s early goal, and Chelsea and Leicester earned a point apiece at Stamford Bridge. #NBCSports #PremierLeague #Chelsea #Leicester #WilfredNdidi
#MasonMount
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NBC Sports Group serves sports fans 24/7 with premier live events, insightful studio shows, and compelling original programming. NBC Sports is an established leader in the sports media landscape with an unparalleled collection of sports properties that include the Olympics, NFL, Premier League, NHL, NASCAR, PGA TOUR, the Kentucky Derby, Tour de France, French Open, IndyCar and many more. Subscribe to our channel for the latest sporting news and highlights!

The Premier League across NBC Sports Group launched in 2013 with their biggest and broadest programming commitment to-date in the United States. With live multi-platform coverage of all 380 games, analysis from best-in-class talent and extensive surrounding coverage all week long, NBC Sports Group has become the ultimate destination for new and existing Premier League fans.

The Premier League maintains strong and consistent reach across NBC, NBCSN, CNBC, and NBC Sports Group’s live streaming products, led by the biggest stars and most prestigious teams in the world.

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Chelsea v. Leicester City | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 8/18/19 | NBC Sports

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Buying Your Tickets For The ICC Cricket World Cup 2015

The ICC Cricket World Cup is one of the most popular sporting events that brings together cricket teams from across the world. It features more than 40 matches played between 10 national teams. The 2015 World Cup slated to be held in New Zealand and Australia is also expected to be a huge public spectacle.

This simply means that thousands of tickets will be up for sale to the cricket fans who wish to watch the matches for their favorite teams. It’s a major sporting event and if you are a cricket fan, you cannot miss out on these amazing matches.

You will of course be required to have tickets to gain access to the matches. Fortunately, there are different ways through which you can purchase your tickets, whether you are a local based attendee or an international one. The earlier you can purchase your tickets to the matches you are interested in the better it will be for you. You can use the World Cup 2015 schedule to pick the matches to buy tickets for. It is a simple way of ensuring that you get to watch all matches you consider important.

Buying your tickets when based in Australia

If you are located in Australia, buying your Cricket World Cup 2015 tickets is made very easy. You can use the official website to purchase the tickets online for all your preferred matches. Using a credit card, you can buy all the tickets that you need. You also have the option of purchasing the tickets directly from the official provider for the cup Ticketek. It has portal links to the official website and you can buy using a credit card or cash. You can also purchase your match tickets via phone from Monday to Fridays.

Buying your tickets when based in New Zealand

If you are based in New Zealand, you have the option of making an online purchase from the official World Cup website. Ticketek agencies based in New Zealand will also offer you an easy time buying your tickets for the matches in person. Orders can also be made by phone during normal business hours. It is however important to remember that the phone service is not open during public holidays and is open between 9 am and 5 pm.

Buying your tickets when you are an international attendee

Just because you are located far from where the matches are taking place does not mean that you cannot attend the matches you love the most. International attendees have the official Cricket World Cup 2015 website readily available for all their ticketing needs. The online portal is designed to be user friendly. Hence, they are very easy to use. You can also take advantage of travel packages that come complete with the tickets for selected matches and accommodation. The other option is to buy the tickets that you need on the phone, but you would have to cater to the calling fees. You will never miss out on a plan you feel is most suitable for you.