The Spanish Legacy of Fruit: The Moors and The Orange

Who introduced the orange to Spain?

Earlier civilisations than the Moors had seen the introduction of the orange to Spain and the cultivation of them had already started in many areas of Asia. The Romans too had cultivated them in conquered areas of Africa. However, when the Empire fell in the 5th century and the sacking began, trade between the continents and Europe failed to see the orange. It was reintroduced by the Moors centuries later after they overthrew the unpopular reign of the Visigoths in Spain.

Their advanced irrigation techniques (as mentioned in «Moorish Influence on Spanish Life») helped them to populate the groves with the fruit described by the Greek Legends as the «Golden Apple» given to Hera on her wedding day to Zeus. The name for this famous fruit derives from the Moorish Sanskrit word «Narangah» and evolved into the English word «orange» used today.

How many different types of orange are there?

There are two scientific classifications of the orange which can be broken down into bitter and sweet. The bitter orange is the fruit the Moors first introduced and is more commonly known today as the Seville orange. The bitter orange is not an edible fruit and in the time of the Moors it was mainly used for religious, marital and medicinal purposes as well as flavourings in drinks. Today this orange is mainly exported to Britain where they use it to make marmalade based on a recipe that first appeared in a cookbook back in 1587. There is very little marmalade made in Spain itself.

What are the most common varieties?

It was Christopher Columbus and the Conquistadors that introduced the orange to the New World over five centuries ago. The Valencia variety is one of the sweetest and this fruit besides Spain is also grown in the US and South America for processing into juice: one of America’s listed commodities and quoted on their stock exchange. Navel oranges are a mutated species and this variety was discovered in Brazil and is specifically unique due to its form. The Sanguin – the blood orange is most common in Spain and Italy and is commonly used for juicing as well as being enjoyed as a whole fruit.

What health benefits does the orange contain?

The orange has plenty of good stuff in it, packed full of vitamin C, ascorbic and folic acid, vitamin B6, antioxidants, pectin (which is also extracted from apple) and dietary fibre as well as lots of minerals.

The vitamin C alongside these other properties can prevent the damage from free radicals that can cause cancer inside the body. It can also reduce the effects that these radicals have towards inciting asthma, rheumatism and osteoarthritis. The antioxidants dissolve build of cholesterol delaying serious health problems such as heart attack and stroke. Also diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis, cholera and diabetes can also be prevented as well as reducing the anxiety of gallstones.

The healthiest part of the orange lies in the rind (epicarp) which is often discarded in the process of juicing. Well cleaned oranges can be grated and the zest used to flavour many different types of food preparation. There are many tasty recipes on the internet using this much neglected part of the fruit: an ideal way of getting the vitamin C content you need as well as tantalising the taste buds with increased flavour. Some alcohol brands also use the zest in their liquors.

How do you grow an orange?

Unlike the olive tree which is written about in my other article » The Romans and The Olive » – the orange tree is not as robust and is susceptible to many diseases as well as frost, so careful knowledge of cultivation has to be used. Also most commercial oranges that are globally transported have to be able to survive the journey and the hardiest versions are those that come from grafted trees.

Seeds for these trees are produced into established seedlings (rootstock) and these are then grafted onto a budwood from an existing tree which determines the variety. This method of cultivation also helps selective reproduction such as size of tree, productivity as well as sustainability. However, this does affect the quality but produces oranges that otherwise may not be available to those countries that cannot produce them.

Besides juice, marmalade and the whole fruit, what else can we use an orange for?

These are the most often used forms of an orange, the blossom is used for perfume, and to make tea in Spain. Hives situated in orange groves can give the honey its distinctive flavour. The wood from the orange tree is used to make the sticks called cuticle pushers for manicurists as well as flavouring barbecues by burning it as fuel. The rind can also be used as a slug repellent.

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Lionel Messi V Cristiano Ronaldo – Who Is the Greatest?

Last night saw yet another epic El Classico where Lionel Messi and Cristano Ronaldo continued their ongoing battle for World supremacy. Barcelona and Real Madrid played out a spectacular 2-2 draw with Ronaldo and his arch nemesis Messi scoring all of the goals. These two players are taking the art of a footballer to whole new levels, but whilst there is no denying that they are the stand-out talents of their generation, and perhaps of all-time, the ongoing question is ‘who of the two is the greatest?’ Whilst there is no definitive correct answer to this, the widely held view over recent years has been that Messi is the King and Ronaldo the very talented Prince. However, the gap between the magical Argentinean and the Portuguese adonis appears to be closing, with some feeling that Ronaldo now deserves the crown of ‘World’s Best Player’.

Despite often playing just behind the main striker, Messi seems to be able to score from anywhere and everywhere. Last season, at the age of only 24, he became Barcelona’s all-time leading scorer. In addition to that he also broke the 39 year old record which was set my German super striker Gerd Muller for most goals in a single European season. Amazingly, Ronaldo has managed a similar record to Messi and their overall ‘goals to games’ ratio since 2009 is almost identical. Despite starting his career as a winger, Ronaldo’s ‘eye for goal’ became apparent under Alex Ferguson at Manchester United. His trademark ‘dipping’ free-kicks and solo goals prompted Real Madrid to break the World transfer record to bring the Old Trafford hero to the Bernabeu. Just as Messi can often be found collecting the ball in his own half, Ronaldo often drifts back in search of possession, and is also found in wide positions tormenting the opposing left and right backs. Given the fact that neither player is what is referred to as a ‘goal poacher’ makes their records even more unbelievable.

With regard to awards, both team based and personal, Messi is the clear winner at present. He has won the Ballon d’Or three years running (much to the obvious dismay of Ronaldo!), and his La Liga and Champions League silverware outweigh Ronaldo’s.

In conclusion it is evident that both Lionel Messi and Cristano Ronaldo are head and shoulders above any other current players in World football and there are no signs of this changing any time soon. Given their relatively young ages there is every possibility that they will go down as the two greatest players in the history of the sport. For all the achievements of Pele, Maradona, Eusebio etc, there is already a case to be made that Messi and Ronaldo have matched and surpassed them all. The fact that two such players are present in the same era, playing in the same league and at almost the same ages makes the comparison slightly easier, so here goes…

Lionel Messi is currently the ‘World Greatest Footballer’ with Cristano Ronaldo an extremely close second. The fact that Lionel Messi has been officially awarded this title three years running with the Ballon d’Or adds weight to the argument. That along with minor points such as his superior assists record, the fact that he has consistently made more appearances than Ronaldo and that his all-round team-play is slightly better just edges it for the Argentinean genius at present. In Ronaldo’s defence he is the faster / stronger physical specimen, has better heading ability and does not have a Xavi or Iniesta to link up with, but this just doesn’t quite level it – for now!!!

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Chelsea v. Newcastle | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 10/19/19 | NBC Sports



Marcos Alonso’s second-half strike was enough to see Chelsea past a dogged Newcastle side at Stamford Bridge. #NBCSports #PremierLeague #Chelsea #Newcastle #MarcosAlonso
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NBC Sports Group serves sports fans 24/7 with premier live events, insightful studio shows, and compelling original programming. NBC Sports is an established leader in the sports media landscape with an unparalleled collection of sports properties that include the Olympics, NFL, Premier League, NHL, NASCAR, PGA TOUR, the Kentucky Derby, Tour de France, French Open, IndyCar and many more. Subscribe to our channel for the latest sporting news and highlights!

The Premier League across NBC Sports Group launched in 2013 with their biggest and broadest programming commitment to-date in the United States. With live multi-platform coverage of all 380 games, analysis from best-in-class talent and extensive surrounding coverage all week long, NBC Sports Group has become the ultimate destination for new and existing Premier League fans.

The Premier League maintains strong and consistent reach across NBC, NBCSN, CNBC, and NBC Sports Group’s live streaming products, led by the biggest stars and most prestigious teams in the world.

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Chelsea v. Newcastle | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 10/19/19 | NBC Sports

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Sheffield United v. Liverpool | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 9/28/19 | NBC Sports



Sheffield United battled bravely against the reigning European champions, but a late error from goalkeeper Dean Henderson allowed Liverpool to steal three points at Bramall Lane. #NBCSports #PremierLeague #SheffieldUnited #Liverpool
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» Subscribe to NBC Sports:
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NBC Sports Group serves sports fans 24/7 with premier live events, insightful studio shows, and compelling original programming. NBC Sports is an established leader in the sports media landscape with an unparalleled collection of sports properties that include the Olympics, NFL, Premier League, NHL, NASCAR, PGA TOUR, the Kentucky Derby, Tour de France, French Open, IndyCar and many more. Subscribe to our channel for the latest sporting news and highlights!

The Premier League across NBC Sports Group launched in 2013 with their biggest and broadest programming commitment to-date in the United States. With live multi-platform coverage of all 380 games, analysis from best-in-class talent and extensive surrounding coverage all week long, NBC Sports Group has become the ultimate destination for new and existing Premier League fans.

The Premier League maintains strong and consistent reach across NBC, NBCSN, CNBC, and NBC Sports Group’s live streaming products, led by the biggest stars and most prestigious teams in the world.

Visit NBC Sports:
Find Premier League on NBC Sports:
Find NASCAR on NBC Sports:
Find Sunday Night Football on NBC Sports:
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Sheffield United v. Liverpool | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 9/28/19 | NBC Sports

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Win Your Bet With a Soccer Guru

These days it is not a difficult task at all to win a bet if you are getting guidance from a soccer guru. This is because of the fact that a soccer betting guru will always give you genuine and profitable soccer betting advice that will lead your bet towards success. All over the world soccer is played with immense zeal and zest and people are crazy about it that is the reason why soccer is the most played game all across the globe and is providing chances to gain monetary benefits for people associated with the sport in any form no matter if they are players, organizers or bookies.

One can find hundreds and thousands of bookies all across the globe, but few are there who also teach or guide a person how to book. Previously it was difficult for individuals to get guidance in this regards, but today there are a lot of opportunities for everyone to learn how to book in a profitable way by winning a bet. Genuine soccer tips and betting tips are the necessary tools that are required for a successful betting. Soccer has most of his fans in Europe, Asia and Americas and that is the reason why one can find many online books in Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, United States, United Kingdom, Russia, Poland, Greece, Ukraine, Romania and Canada that claim to give solid betting advice to their customers for placing a successful soccer bet.

For placing a successful betting, two people are very important, one is the betting guru and the other is the soccer guru. A soccer guru is the person who is good at analyzing the game of soccer along with the changing trends and performances of the teams and players. This man is capable of guiding people by giving concrete betting advice while suggesting on which player or team an individual should make his betting. Apart from a soccer expert a betting experts is also the key man that give an expert advice and expert opinion to a client for winning a bet. A betting expert gives advices regarding the changing conditions and parameters of the teams, players and circumstances while a game is being played. A min to min advice is also very important as far successful betting is concerned. A betting professional is the most important person in the betting field as he is having the detailed knowledge and the inside information regarding the teams and the players. This is the reason that this person can give the most authentic, accurate and educated betting advice.

Today many online platforms are available giving quality advice along with many valuable value added services live giving live score updating and soccer information.

Camiseta del Arsenal 2018-2019 3era Camiseta del Arsenal 2018-2019 3era

World Cup Tickets Are Within Reach!

It’s never too early to start planning your trip to see a 2010 World Cup Soccer match! In fact, the earlier you get started, the better. The pre-sold tickets are usually gone in a heartbeat, so the sooner you get the ball rolling the better your chances of getting to a game.

It’s also notoriously tough to get a seat once you’re at the game. Just think of how many people want that seat! You’ve got all the soccer fans of an entire COUNTRY vying for a spot to watch the game for real, so there’s some very stiff competition.

The first step is to take a look at the schedule and decide which match you want to see. Naturally, they’ve already set tentative dates for most of the games. Check your team’s website and see when they’re scheduled to play. These dates are subject to change, of course, but at least you can get your ticket. You can always adjust your own schedule when the time gets closer!

One thing to keep in mind is that World Cup Soccer tickets are usually non-transferable, and they’re pretty strict about seeing IDs. This means that you probably won’t be able to get rid of the seats if it turns out you can’t go.

Once you’ve decided where and when to go, you’re ready to buy. Buying directly from teams or the soccer governing organization is a bit of a challenge. You’re much better off reserving your seats online at one of the many sites that offer World Cup Tickets.

Buying tickets online can be a little sketchy, so here are some tips to make sure you’re getting the real thing and not getting ripped off.

  • Look at customer comments and ratings. You can always check forums and other online communities related to World Cup Soccer and other sporting events. These sites will give you some idea of whether people have been happy with the company’s service or not.
  • If they have a Better Business Bureau seal on their site, you can usually click it and get information about the company from the BBB. The BBB is your best source of information about a company, and you can always check up on them before you buy.
  • Only buy from companies that offer contact information on their websites. A phone number is always best, because this way you know that you can reach them if you need to. You might even call them beforehand and ask them a few questions about the ordering process. This will verify that they aren’t just an order taking facility, but the actual company itself.
  • It’s generally safest to buy tickets online using a major credit card. Credit card companies are buyer friendly, and if there is a problem, you can always reach someone and dispute the charges. With online only payment providers, the dispute process might not be so user friendly.
  • A bigger company isn’t always better. Often, bigger ticket outlets run out faster than their smaller competitors. It’s always a good idea to do lots of shopping around before you buy your ticket. You’ll also find lots of variations in price.

It’s time to start getting those 2010 World Cup Soccer tickets today! If you play your cards right, you’ll be sitting right in the crowd watching your favorite team in 2010!