Pollution Will Help Redistribute World Power

It has cost us a few decades, but it seems that finally, we have taken to talking about pollution. And it is not that the scientists have not spent years warning. Even the cinema has done it. But the thing, in the end, has been faster and more intense than we would like and we walk with the coiled beret, but the one with contamination.

Cities such as Paris or London have been rehearsing the restrictions on road traffic that are now so frequent in our capital, and could soon intensify and add more cities. The reason: in London already breathe toxic air, and the European map of air quality shows that the thing is much worse in other parts of the continent. For example, in our country, where despite its lower industrialization compared to other regions, we already have a serious problem.

There are many variables involved in air quality. Some are obvious, such as emissions of pollutants, the vegetation index of each region (and the thing in Spain worsens at full speed), precipitation (almost absent since spring) or the movement of the wind.

To contextualize how serious the thing is, it is enough to look at Valencia, where the antipollution protocol was activated a few days ago and it was recommended that outdoor sports should not be practiced. And that despite the fact that in coastal areas the wind circulates with greater intensity.

However, the contamination of the city itself, the «classic», coincided temporarily with the burning of straw in the garden surrounding the capital. It is not necessary, therefore, to have a factory next to it, or a huge road, to have an unbreathable air.

According to estimates of the time, a 1% increase in coal intensity was equivalent to increasing infant mortality by the same percentage. And that figure is comparable, according to the researchers, to what is happening now in China or India, as well as other corners of Africa where the mining of polluting compounds is irreparably damaging the environment. The problem is global, and aggravated (and aggravating) by the rise in temperatures and deforestation.

Right now, pollution causes seven times more deaths indirectly than road accidents, according to some data.

The problem of «bedroom cities»

What is the reason for the increase? There is not a single motive, really, but a mixture of several things. It rains less, the temperature has risen, there are more houses with heating -which also pollute and not a little-, there is more air traffic… Several countries are approaching leaps and bounds towards desertification, and beyond the inevitable, there are many issues that do they could be corrected. For example, planning, that is, how we structure cities and displacements.

The culprit that everyone looks at, the car, serves as an example. Large cities have been built in such a way that jobs are concentrated in the center, while population growth and rising land prices have meant that a large part of people ends up living outside the urban core.

That causes that the peaks of contamination do not occur in the center of the city, but in peripheral neighborhoods of the south, where a great part of the traffic flows in displacement from that zone (where the mass of workers is) to the north (where there are the jobs).

All this has a quite palpable social echo: the number of cars has exploded wildly. According to data from the DGT, in 2017 there are more than twice as many vehicles in our country, a progression that does not correspond at all to the increase in population (which is now no more than twice what it was then). Only the crisis has contained the trend.

Global impact

Traffic jams – constant in cities – would, therefore, be the result of the collision of several problems: many vehicles making the same routes that can not be absorbed by roads and streets, as well as public transport networks and the radials do not absorb the displacement needs of the population.

This way, and although the car is not the only cause of the problem, it has been placed in the center of all eyes. Countries such as France or Spain already penalize the most polluting vehicles, and it is even considered that they stop making diesel cars -preferred by many because of the lower price of fuel- and, in the future, that they may stop producing gasoline cars.

The issue is that the automobile industry is one of the most powerful industries in the world. In countries like the USA o Germany represents important percentages of the labor force, not to mention exports and all industries derived from and complementary to those it nurtures. Barack Obama focused much of the campaign of his re-election in content to the mining strip and the belt of the northeastern automobile, the famous rust belt that ended up decanting the victory of Donald Trump.

However, something is changing: all major brands have launched electric and hybrid vehicles into the consumer market, making traffic and pollution restrictions a new brand strategy by offering a solution to a problem that they themselves create. In the last five years, it has become common to see hybrid vehicles, and loading points for electric vehicles begin to appear in large cities and at road petrol stations.

New international balances

The question is to see how that can impact the distribution of world power. Many of the world’s largest economies base an important part of their wealth on the production or export of fossil fuels, or on the production of goods derived from their use – such as the manufacture of automobiles, for example.

This is the case, in order of wealth, of countries such as the United States, Germany, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Canada or Iran, to name six economies among the twenty most important in the world. In fact, oil accounts for more than 20% of the GDP of countries such as Kuwait, Iraq, Saudi Arabia or Oman, plus a non-negligible 5.6% of Russia’s GDP, or 3% of Norway’s GDP. And that only focusing on oil, because the specific market of the car is another important percentage.

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Pay Attention! The French Are Not Rude!

In June of 2007 Mrs. Winer and I retired.

When one achieves a milestone, rewards equal to the accomplishment should be given. So on Sept 9, 2007 Mrs. Winer and I arrived in Paris France. For the next 24 days we enjoyed ourselves more than should be allowed by law. We choose this time of the year mainly because it is the ending of the tourist season but before the nasty winter weather. Instead of getting accommodations in downtown Paris, we chose a small comfortable hotel in Maison-Laffitte (ML). The town is about 20 minutes by the REI A line red train north of Paris.

While at times it was a bit inconvenient since we spent the bulk of our waking hours in Paris, it afforded us what we wanted: a quiet refuge from the hectic Paris life. We also love the interaction that comes from repeated visits to a restaurant. Mrs. Winer and I are food junkies. I am the journaler and have a record of all the food we ate, where we ate it and the wines we drank.

After arriving in ML and getting situated I left Mrs. Winer resting and went to a recon mission. The objective was to find a small restaurant that would reflect the cuisine of this area of France. Found it. L’Olivier on Avenue de Saint Germain. Talk about hitting the jackpot. Olivier the owner was the waiter, the maittredi, the floor sweeper and sommelier. The restaurant was very cozy with tables for about 20 patrons. (At another time I will tell you a couple of wonderful experiences we had in Olivier’s.) Suffice to say that we loved the restaurant. We actually ate our way through his entire menu during our stay in ML.

The following day, September 10 was Mrs. Winer’s «39th» Birthday. I really can’t remember what anniversary it was of that auspicious day. It is best forgotten. She wanted to go to the Eiffel Tower. Since the Old Winer hadn’t figured out the subway system we disembarked from the REI train at the Arc de Triumph and meandered through the center of Paris in the general direction of the Eiffel Tower. My navigation skills are quite suspect but since the tower is the tallest item on the horizon we managed to find it. (I’m somewhat of a world traveler.) I’ve seen the Space Needle in Seattle, the arches in the Los Angeles airport, the church of the Blessed Family in Barcelona, and the Grand Canyon so I’m not that easily impressed.

Standing under the Eiffel Tower was impressive. Standing on the top was VERY impressive. Mrs Winer had her birthday lunch in the small café-restaurant located on the second level overlooking the River Seine with its boat traffic and bridges. We then choose (a very weird choice) to walk down the stairs. Mrs. Winer had heard that some famous people had done this and thought it would be a good idea. By the time we got to the ground it was obvious that they were a bit younger than we were. Having climbed a mountain or two in my day, one has learned that going down is actually more difficult than going up. But we made it. That evening for our dinner we went to the supermarket, bought some wonderful French goat cheese, ham, French (what else) bread, an apple, a bottle of 2005 Chateau du Calvaire St Emilion Grand Cru wine for 6 dollars and a bottle of 2005 Domaine St. Antoine Sablet Cotes du Rhone Village for 5 bucks and chocolate for dessert. Brought our purchases to our hotel room and indulged ourselves.

Happy Birthday Mrs. Winer!

At a later time I will tell you about our wondrous 10 days wondering up from Lyon to Paris through the Boujourlais, Burgundy wine country. We smote with vigor the most pernicious error perpetrated by disgruntled travelers: «the French are rude to Americans especially if you can’t speak French.» The French are not rude! I can disgorge my total accumulation of the French language in about 45 seconds. My Spanish is quite good. My English, as you know, somewhat suspect. We ate in small cafes and fancy restaurants in downtown Paris; in tiny places in the mountain of the wine country where English was grade school at best; we talked to wine growers, to people on the streets, etc and I can say that we did not experience a single incident where we felt badly treated by a French person. Will we go back?…you betcha. Right after our trip to Tuscany and Spain.

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Bournemouth v. Wolves | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 11/23/19 | NBC Sports



Wolves held off 10-man Bournemouth at the Vitality Stadium to earn three points and move up to fifth place. #NBCSports #PremierLeague #Wolves #Bournemouth
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Liverpool v. Tottenham | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 10/27/19 | NBC Sports



Harry Kane gave Spurs a stunning lead in the opening minute at Anfield, but Liverpool roared back to earn a 2-1 victory behind goals from Jordan Henderson and Mohamed Salah. #NBCSports #PremierLeague #Liverpool #Tottenham #HarryKane #JordanHenderson #MohamedSalah
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The Premier League across NBC Sports Group launched in 2013 with their biggest and broadest programming commitment to-date in the United States. With live multi-platform coverage of all 380 games, analysis from best-in-class talent and extensive surrounding coverage all week long, NBC Sports Group has become the ultimate destination for new and existing Premier League fans.

The Premier League maintains strong and consistent reach across NBC, NBCSN, CNBC, and NBC Sports Group’s live streaming products, led by the biggest stars and most prestigious teams in the world.

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HIGHLIGHTS: Southampton 1-4 Chelsea | Premier League



Watch extended highlights of Southampton’s Premier League game against Chelsea, at St Mary’s. on Sunday 6th October.

Chelsea won 4-1, with goals from Tammy Abraham, Mason Mount, N’Golo Kanté and Michy Batshuayi, while Danny Ings scored for Southampton.

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Leicester City v. Newcastle | PREMIER LEAGUE HIGHLIGHTS | 9/29/19 | NBC Sports



Leicester City capitalized on their numerical advantage after an Isaac Hayden red card to cruise to an emphatic 5-0 win against Newcastle at the King Power Stadium. #NBCSports #PremierLeague #LeicesterCity #Newcastle #IsaacHayden
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NBC Sports Group serves sports fans 24/7 with premier live events, insightful studio shows, and compelling original programming. NBC Sports is an established leader in the sports media landscape with an unparalleled collection of sports properties that include the Olympics, NFL, Premier League, NHL, NASCAR, PGA TOUR, the Kentucky Derby, Tour de France, French Open, IndyCar and many more. Subscribe to our channel for the latest sporting news and highlights!

The Premier League across NBC Sports Group launched in 2013 with their biggest and broadest programming commitment to-date in the United States. With live multi-platform coverage of all 380 games, analysis from best-in-class talent and extensive surrounding coverage all week long, NBC Sports Group has become the ultimate destination for new and existing Premier League fans.

The Premier League maintains strong and consistent reach across NBC, NBCSN, CNBC, and NBC Sports Group’s live streaming products, led by the biggest stars and most prestigious teams in the world.

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Leather Duffel Bag for Mother’s Day

Determining the type of lifestyle that your Mother has will give you a better idea of what style of leather duffel bag would best suit as a gift. Giving a beautiful but functional present will show Mom that you have really thought about her and care. There are many styles as well as sizes that fit any fashion as well as budget.

A leather gym bag is really a very functional bag. These bags have large top opening main compartments capable of holding sports equipment, such as a basketball, a soccer ball, or tennis balls as well as the necessary shoes, workout clothes, and towel. A deep or mesh exterior pocket is great for holding water bottles or sports drinks. With other pockets designed to hold cell phones, keys, membership cards, and toiletries. With a leather gym bag, any Mother will start her exercise routine with confidence.

A larger duffel bag for the traveling Mother should be within the airlines carry-on regulation size of 22 inches by 14 inches by 9 inches. This will allow her to have plenty of room for a couple changes of clothes and other items for a few days of business meetings. This carry-on duffel bag will also save time by allowing her to skip the check-in line and the baggage carousel. With the added security of not worrying about a lost bag at her destination. A classically designed bag will give the business Mom a sophisticated style.

Leather backpacks are great for the Mom on the go. Stylish and classy it can replace the diaper bag or purse. Most offer plenty of room with multiple zippered compartments and exterior pockets for easy access to frequently grabbed items. They can also feature comfortably padded should straps which allow a hands-free advantage. The biggest plus of all, for mothers everywhere, is that a leather backpack is easy to clean.

Business Mom would appreciate a leather laptop bag for organization and a modern look. This type of bag offers wide multiple pockets for laptop, files, and writing pads. Additional smaller pockets offer room for phone, passport, or other office supplies. Some bags also offer a shoulder strap for convenience as well as a cosmopolitan style.

A leather bag that offers functionality and easy care, as well as style would be a great choice for any type of Mother. Mother’s day is to show Mom that you care and by giving her a useful and luxurious leather bag, it will!

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5 Quick Tips for DIY Shoe Repairs

If you own a pair of shoes and you want to know some DIY shoe repair tips, we can help you. The DIY tips given in this guide apply to all types of shoes including boots, high heels, sneakers and flats, just to name but a few.

1. Vinyl, Leather, Patent Leather

You can use nail polish of the same color to fill in the small nicks in your shoes. As an alternative, you can color the nicks using the same color marker pen. Plus, you can seal the area with clear nail polish.

2. Worn Heel Tips

If the heels of your shoes are worn and they produce clicking sound, we suggest that you go for the heel caps. The caps on the nail of metal may stop the clicking sound instantly. This is an ideal solution if you don’t find a shoe repair shop near your house. Make sure you measure the tips of your heel to look for the right cap size.

3. Reattach Soles

If you want to repair or rebuild your shoes, you may want to look for a good sealant and adhesive. The product can be used on rubber, leather, canvas and vinyl. With this type of produce, you can reattach shoe parts, such as rubber soles. Aside from this, you can fill in holes or gaps and seams. Besides, you can also rebuild worn heels and top lifts.

Here, it’s important to keep in mind that you should opt for good quality contact cement for a sturdy bond. It’s not a good idea to make use of gorilla glue or super glue as it won’t be flexible enough. As a matter of fact, your shoes should be flexible so you can move your feet around with ease. At times, super glue may end up damaging your shoe leather. Therefore, you must be careful.

4. Fix Scratches and Small Scuffs

First of all, you need some preventive tips. Make sure you use a quality spray for the protection of your shoes, especially when they are still new. Aside from this, make sure you protect your shoes from water on a daily basis. There should be no stains or spills on your cleats. If you have canvas shoes, you can use bees wax. On the other hand, for leather, you can use nubuck or suede.

5. Stretch Shoes

If you have bought a pair cleats for the first time and they are too tight, you can use this tip to stretch them. All you have to do is fill your cleats with a small bag of water and then put them in the freezer. When frozen, water tends to expand. This trick works best if you own leather shoes. Just make sure you do it right.

So, if you have been looking for some easy tips to fix common problems with your cleats or soccer shoes, we suggest that you try out these tricks first. This is helpful especially if you don’t find a shoe mender nearby.

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Picking The Right Pair Of Soccer Cleats

If you are a passionate soccer fan, you will understand the importance of the right pair of soccer cleats. When you wear the right cleats, you can move freely on the ground. It also plays a big role in your expertise on the field. However, with so many soccer cleats available in the market today, it can be confusing to pick one from them. You might also be influenced to wear the brand of cleats that your soccer hero endorses. However, you need to remember that there are different types of cleats available for different kinds of playing grounds and conditions. You should never choose one because your hero endorsed it or because your best friend owns the same brand. You have to do some research to know about the models available and their prices before deciding on the right model for you. Here are some tips that will help you make the right choice:

1. Type of studs

Choosing cleats with the right pattern of studs is very important. These studs are ones that give you the right balance when you play on different conditions. If you want cleats that can be used across all grounds, you can purchase firm ground shoes that have about ten studs fitted at the bottom in a uniform manner. If you keep playing in different conditions that require different kinds of studs, you can buy cleats that come with removable or detachable studs. This way, you can only change studs as and when you need to suit the ground where you are going to play.

2. Type of ground

Knowing where you are going to play at is an important factor that influences your cleats purchasing choice. Soft ground, firm ground and hard ground are the three broad kinds of cleats available in the market today. Though firm and hard mean the same in other concepts, when it comes to cleats, there is a difference. Hard ground shoes may not be suitable for firm grounds that have natural grass on them.

3. Style or position of playing

In a soccer game, each player has a different role which requires him to move his leg differently than his team mates. So, you need to buy cleats that are in line with your playing style, so that you don’t face any difficulty when running around in the field. On a very broad level, playing styles can be classified as goal-keeping, defensive playing, mid-fielding, wingers and forwards. It is very important to explain your position of playing to the storekeeper, so that he would show you the right types of cleats.

4. Material of cleats

Once you have narrowed down options based on your size, fit, ground and playing styles, you need to choose the material. Opt for materials that are sturdy and in which you feel comfortable. Kangaroo leather shoes are considered to be of great quality and durable for playing in all kinds of conditions. However, they are quite expensive. If you are on a budget, you may consider cleats made from the leather of calf or goats as well, to substitute kangaroo leather.

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The Importance Of Comfortable Soccer Cleats

Soccer is a sport that is a combination of skill and appropriate equipment. While your natural talent and speed go a long way in helping you realise your dream of being a soccer star, it cannot be denied that you are only as good as your cleats. If your shoes don’t support your speed and agility, you cannot exhibit your talents fully on the ground. If you are still not convinced about the importance of comfortable cleats, read on to get more information about the same.

Playing position

Did you know that a striker, midfielder, goalkeeper and a defensive player of the same team wear different kinds of cleats? Surprising, isn’t it? Nevertheless, the truth is that you have to choose the right pair of cleats if you want to excel in your playing position. A striker will need lightweight shoes (about 5-8 ounces) so that he is able to score goals with great speed. A midfielder has to run for a long time, so he needs shoes that have cushioned pads, insoles and midsoles to enable quick running action.

A defender gets attacked a lot, so he needs shoes with strong outsoles to withstand all the kicks. A goalkeeper will need shoes that enable quick traction. Thus, as you can see from the above points, irrespective of how good you are at your respective playing positions, you will need the right pair of cleats to compliment your actions and help you excel on the ground.

Playing surface

You might not get the same playing surface everywhere. This is where the right pair of cleats are important for you so that you get a good grip and balance on the surface that you are playing on. If you are playing on a hard and firm surface, you should use studded, firm ground shoes that make you feel comfortable. If you have to play on a soft surface, you should wear shoes that have a small number of cleats. If you are playing on turf, you need to wear shoes that are slightly elevated at the bottom. From these explanations, isn’t it evident that your shoes protect you from tripping and falling down when you are playing?

Comfort

As a soccer player, you have to wear cleats for a long time. Therefore, it is essential that you wear shoes that are designed to provide you comfort and avoid the occurrences of rashes or blisters on your feet. You may get the size of your shoe perfectly right but still, might experience considerable pain while wearing them for long hours. Why is that so? This is because you might have ignored one basic factor – the width of your feet. Choose brands that design shoes to your exact width, so that your toes have enough breathing space. When you feel comfortable in your shoes, you gain better control of your skills and can execute your plans on the ground perfectly. Choose the right material (kangaroo leather, mesh, goat leather, etc.) based on your affordability levels and the climatic conditions, for the right kind of experience.

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