Who Wrote Don Quixote?

What evidence is there that Miguel de Cervantes wrote ‘Don Quixote’? Little indeed. Not only do we know little of his life;the standard of his Work,apart from ‘Quixote’, is low. Most of his books remain unpublished abroad. What do we know about Thomas Shelton,whose translation into English has Won the praise of literary historians ever since it appeared in 1612? What do we know of Cid Hamet Benengeli,the Arab historian who,we Are told,is the real author?

Until now no proper attempt has been made to place Quixote in the wider Context of the great plays of this period. And no-one has paid attention To the Shelton version,which is seldom read today.

We start with an examination of the actual publication of Quixote in Madrid and London in 1605 and 1612. Then we move,in the story itself,from La Mancha to Sussex,from Madrid to London,to the court of Queen Elizabeth. Two characters in Quixote,who always appear together,are Queen Madasima and Master Elisabat. Other name s which invite scrutiny include Thomas Cecial(almost Cecil), Friston,an odd name for the Devil,and Pyramus and Thisbe,which make us think ofo Shakespeare.

‘Don Quixote’ is full of pithy statements,epigrams and mock proverbs which can be found in the Shakespeare plays. ‘I was born free. The naked truth. Comparisons are odious. Time out of mind.’ and many ,many more. 70 quotations are set out in table form in the book.

But why would anyone write a very long novel and use the name of a struggling Spanish author? Why the secrecy? The sixth rule of the Rosicrucians was that that members Should remain anonymous for a hundred years. The first rule was that they should heal the sick. The leading member of this secret society in England at this time was Francis Bacon.

No attention has been paid to the date of Quixote’s publication in Madrid in 1605,only six Years after the fourth Armada of 1599. An important element in this work,seldom mentioned, Is its surprising lack of animosity towards England. If it had appeared in Spain as an English book,everyone would have been understandably prejudiced against it. It took a long Time to win the lasting admiration of the Spaniards. Allowing a Spanish author to present This book as his own work,Bacon gave this subtly pro-English novel the best possible chance Of being accepted in Spain without prejudice.

‘Don Quixote’ should be regarded as an instrument of reconciliation between Spain and England,two great countries kept apart by war and the threat of war for five decades. Distrust and hatred of the foreigner had caused the death of innocent men in both countries. Now was the time for peace and good will,a policy that James I keenly pursued. In England Quixote acted as a healer of the wide gulf between the two countries.

When «Don Quixote» appeared in Madrid and London,the great Shakespeare plays were being Acted on the London stage. When the English plays and the Spanish novel are looked at Together,a clear picture emerges: the creation of a pan-European literary master-plan. The greatest play about Denmark is ‘Hamlet’. The greatest plays about Italy are ‘Romeo and Juliet’,’The Merchant of Venice’ and ‘Othello,the Moor of Venice’. The greatest play about Rome is ‘Julius Caesar’. The greatest play about Egypt is ‘Antony and Cleopatra’. The greatest Plays about England are the Shakespeare history dramas. All these plays are the work of one man, Written under a pen-name. There is no world-famous play about Spain which is on the same Level of genius as the plays just mentioned. But there is one great novel about Spain which is just as famous throughout the world – ‘Don Quixote’. Like all the Shakespeare plays,this appeared under an alias. Bacon,casting his eye over the whole of Europe,found that this area lacked an appropriate masterpiece,an epic story to match those of Greece and Rome and Great Britain.

In a letter to Lord Burleigh written in 1592,Bacon declared «I have taken all knowledge to be my Province.» A play would not have been the right format for a Spanish epic. Needing a larger Canvas,he chose to write a work of fiction.

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Shoe Covers Can Prevent Bacteria From Spreading While Protecting Investment in Shoes

Would you ever lick your dirty hands after you finished your gym workout? Most people wouldn't. The same concept can be applied to dirty shoes. Dirty shoes can contain up to 9 species of bacteria and millions of bacteria cells. Most of the bacteria species come from waste matter. Have you ever wondered what you're stepping on in the bathroom? How about stepping animal feces on the golf course or in a field? That's your answer. The most common forms of bacteria are as follows:

  • Escherichia coli (E. Coli) – causing symptoms ranging from severe stomach pain accompanied by diarrhea to kidney failure and potential death in 1 out of 50 victims.
  • Klebsiella pneumonia – a gram-negative bacteria that can rapidly destroy lung tissue and in 25 to 50% of patients will cause death.
  • Serratia ficaria – causing gallbladder empyemas and sepsis as well as biliary infections.

Bacteria can live on your shoes for up to 3 days. They also have up to a 99% transfer rate. Everything your dirty shoes touch will most likely get the nasty bacteria on them.

People place those dirty shoes into a suitcase when they travel. It wouldn't make a good vacation if you changed into a shirt that was sitting under your shoes and got an E. Coli infection. Beyond travel, people throw their dirty shoes in golf bags, gym bags, soccer bags, football bags, and other sports bags. If you are regularly active, you run the risk of exposing your body to potentially dangerous infections.

There is one way to protect the spread of bacteria from your shoes to your clothes or towels. Shoe covers are an excellent way to keep the bacteria on your shoes and away from your bags. Shoe covers can also be used to protect your investment in shoes.

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Futsal Shoes – Everything You Need to Know

So, you’ve decided to start the game of futsal.

The main thing you are going to require is a decent pair of indoor soccer shoes.

Follow the suggestions below to help you pick the best pair.

Length

Futsal shoes are sized like ordinary shoes. That being said, with a futsal shoe a tighter fit is normally (suggested) so standard shoe sizes may not transfer directly. These shoes are most often created of soft and supple, thin leathers. To ensure proper ball feel, a tighter fit is better. Indoor soccer shoes are designed with a more narrow upper, this makes for better feel and control on the ball. Your indoor soccer shoe should probably fit as close to the end of your foot as possible without actually touching your toes. This will make sure the highest comfort and performance. A 1/4 to 1/2 inch gap is optimal. As a general rule of thumb, every 1/2 size will give you about 4mm (3/16 inch) of length.

Width

The width of your futsal shoes can also be important. Your cleats should fit the foot snugly and your foot should not slide around inside the shoe during the game. You also don’t want the shoe to be too tight. Most indoor soccer shoes are only available in one width. You may have to experiment with several different shoes until you find one that fits the best.

Should you have wider feet, then search into acquiring cleats fabricated from kangaroo leather as these will stretch the most to match your feet.

Material

What your shoe comes from can also determine the fit. The top-of-the line leathers (especially kangaroo leather) will generally stretch after 1 or 2 uses. High-quality shoes will actually mold towards the shape of your foot therefore you will want these to fit snugly in width when they are fresh out the box.

Proper Fit

When you have your unique futsal shoes, try them on indoors to test for correct fit. Your shoes should fit snugly without discomfort or pressure points. Your toes should reach as far as the front of your shoe, but should not touch the tip. Again, Look for a gap of 1/4 to 1/2 inch. If a player continues to be growing, we suggest purchasing shoes a touch large and filling in the excess space by putting on an extra set of two socks.

Price

The nice thing about futsal shoes is that they are cheaper in price than normal soccer cleats or boots. Intend to pay $40 to $100 USD to get a high-quality pair of indoor soccer shoes. There are plenty of places for you to purchase futsal shoes both online and offline.

Further and further soccer and sports shops are starting to stock these shoes and you’ll also discover a volume of online merchants with a fantastic selection of shoes.

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Soccer Fixture: Chelsea Versus Arsenal

Chelsea and Arsenal met in the First Division of the Football League at Stamford Bridge for the first time on the 9th November, 1907 – 30 years after the stadium had first been opened for use by the London Athletic Club. Chelsea won 2.1 with both goals scored by George Hilsdon. Arsenal’s reply came from Charlie Satterthwaite.

George Hilsdon was the first player to score 100 goals for Chelsea and a weather vane modelled on him can still be seen at Stamford Bridge. Legend has it that Chelsea will suffer ‘great misfortune’ if it is ever removed, as it was during ground works in the late 1970’s when Chelsea were in financial and football decline. Hilsdon was the victim of a gas attack on the Western Front in WWI and never played professional football again, dying in 1941. His grave is unmarked.

This first match was watched by a then record crowd for England’s top division: 65,000. Arsenal were still known as and based at Woolwich Arsenal at the time but they had a huge away following for this match due to it also being the 66th birthday of King Edward VII. The munitions factory – where many of the workers who followed the club were based – was closed for the day, hence they were free to travel to West London.

In fact, Arsenal could have been more local rivals of Chelsea than Tottenham Hotspur. A local businessman – Henry Norris – had a significant role in the development of both clubs. Amassing a fortune from property Norris became a Director and then Chairman of Fulham. Another Edwardian businessman called Henry – Henry Augustus Mears – had acquired Stamford Bridge with a view to it becoming one of the finest venues for association football in the capital if not the whole country. He offered Norris the chance to move Fulham FC to the ground but Norris refused to pay the annual rent of some £1500 and so Mears created his own team – Chelsea FC – in 1905. Had Norris not been so careful with his money, there might not have been a Chelsea football club at all.

Five years later Norris, still Chairman of Fulham became a majority shareholder of Woolwich Arsenal which had gone into voluntary liquidation. Becoming Chairman of that London club too, Norris proposed merging them with Fulham to form a super-club. The move was blocked by the Football League and so Chelsea and Fulham remained local rivals rather than Chelsea and Arsenal.

This match between the two teams in 1907 was the first ever to be played by two London clubs in the First Division and so the first major ‘London derby.’ All subsequent league meetings between the two sides to date have been in the top tier of English football (the old First Division and now the Premier League).

Woolwich Arsenal got their revenge the following season with a 2.1 win on 28th November, 1908 – Chelsea’s goal coming from George Hilsdon again. The Gunners won on Chelsea turf in the season after that as well, before the first draw – 1.1 – in this league fixture on 15th February, 1913. This was the last time the two sides met before Woolwich Arsenal moved to Highbury and changed their name to Arsenal.

Indeed, after that win in their first meeting, Chelsea did not win the fixture again until 13th December, 1919 when they won 3.1 with goals from Robert McNeil, John Cock and Henry Ford in front of a huge post-war crowd of 60,000.

The fixture on 12th October, 1935 was played in front of another enormous crowd: 82,905, which was the second highest recorded attendance for an English league match. It finished in a 1.1 draw. Joseph Bambrick scored for Chelsea and Jack Crayston for Arsenal.

Arsenal’s record league win at Stamford Bridge came in front of 74,667 football fans on 29th November, 1930 – a 5.1 victory, with David Jack scoring a hat-trick as Arsenal moved closer to their first League Championship win and domination of English football in the 1930s. They scored five times again on 24th November, 1934 – in a 5.2 victory this time – with legendary Arsenal centre-forward Ted Drake scoring four of Arsenal’s goals. Drake would go on to manage Chelsea in 1952 and was largely responsible for changing their nickname from The Pensioners to The Blues.

The Gunners also scored five goals in a 5.3 win on 29th October, 2011 with Robin Van Persie scoring a hat-trick for the victors.

Chelsea’s largest win in the fixture came in a 6.0 win in the Premier League on 22nd March, 2014 which was also Arsenal manager, Arsène Wenger’s 1000th game in charge. This is the highest number of goals Chelsea have scored against Arsenal in a league fixture at Stamford Bridge and also represented the biggest margin of victory by The Blues. Oscar scored two goals that day alongside one each from Samuel Eto’o, Andre Schurrle, Eden Hazard and Mohamed Salah in front of an attendance of 41,614.

The sides are neck and neck in terms of wins in this fixture. In the years when Chelsea have gone on to win the League Title they have never lost at home to their rivals from North London, drawing the matches in the 1954/55 and 2004/05 seasons and winning each of them in 2005/06, 2009/10 and 2014/15.

For Arsenal, in the 13 seasons where they have finished as League Champions, they have only lost at Chelsea on two occasions (Chelsea were in the Second Division in the 1988/89 season so there was no fixture) – on 29th August, 1970 when Paddy Mulligan and John Hollins scored for Chelsea and Eddie Kelly got one back for Arsenal – and on 2nd February, 1991. Kerry Dixon and Graham Stuart scored for Chelsea that day with Alan Smith replying for Arsenal in front of a crowd of 29,094. This was the only league defeat of the season for George Graham’s Arsenal team and their first in 27 First Division matches, stretching back to a 2.0 loss at Luton Town on 21st April, 1990.

Business Development Opportunities in Qatar

Doing business in Qatar is an increasingly attractive option for foreign investors for a number of reasons, mostly related to the country's rapidly developing legislation in regards to foreign investment in the country and its consequent projected growth.

As the country develops, there are specific areas of opportunity that those looking to explore the Qatari market are encouraged to invest in by consulting agencies. Some of these opportunities and areas for development are listed below, providing the potential for local businesses to grow as well as encouraging further foreign expansion into the Middle East.

Firstly, there are numerous business opportunities for those in the domains of education and training, with the country being home to institutions such as the Qatar Foundation, the Qatar Science and Technology Park and the Supreme Education Council. Each of these implements its own programs and encouragements investment from foreign companies and educational institutions.

Those looking to explore the Qatari market and its educational sector will be interested to know that the country is looking to improve the skills and education of its citizens and work through the Qatar Vision 2030 program, which could lead to opportunities for foreign training providers to deliver their expertise in many areas of academia and skills training.

Another industry that is advised to explore the Qatari market is the energy industry, and not only because this region of the world has abundant natural resources in the way of oil and gas; the Qatar government is very interested in developing a cleaner, greener method of gas extraction which provides the opportunity for partnership with foreign engineering companies and investors.

In addition to its non-renewable energy sources, the country is also looking to develop its capacity for harnessing solar energy which, due to the nation's geographical location, is in abundance. Qatar also currently produces a large volume of industrial products such as vinyl, fertilizer, ethylene and other chemicals, with opportunities for local partnerships available in this area.

Those looking to explore the Qatari market will be excited to learn that the country recently won the bid to host the FIFA World Cup in 2022. This will determinely provide huge opportunities for foreign industry and investors to work on various projects that relate to this sporting competition and it should also be noted that all sport in Qatar currently enjoys very strong governmental support.

Qatar is also an area of ​​interest for those in the construction industry, as the country's government is currently continuing to rapidly develop the nation's infrastructure. In addition to this, the upcoming FIFA World Cup will provide many opportunities for construction companies to deliver their services, as will the nation's efforts to find greener and more sustainable energy solutions.

One of the reasons that Qatar is interested in developing its infrastructure is due to the growing population and workforce of the country. This also has an impact for healthcare companies that are looking to explore the Qatari market.

In addition to providing healthcare solutions for the population of the country, the Qatari government also intends for the nation to become a center for life science research, and is there before in invest in a number of projects that will drive them farther towards achieving this goal .

Along with delivering medical care, pharmaceuticals and medical research services, foreign companies and investors also have the opportunity to provide healthcare training and supply hospital equipment and furniture in Qatar as part of its healthcare objectives.

Businesses looking to explore the Qatari market will be pleasantly surprised to discover that this small nation currently offers a wealth of opportunity across a variety of domains. From construction and green energy to health care and education, there are possibilities for many to deliver their solutions and products to this rapidly growing country that is investing heavily in its future.